* During WWII, Britain had been governed by a coalition of conservatives and socialists. Churchill, then the head of the Conservative Party, expected an easy victory, but the Labour Party won. Attler wanted to "built Jerusalem in England".
* Private owners were compelled to sell their business;
* The Labor Party created a sort of mixed economy in which newly nationalized industries coexisted with private enterprises.
Milton Friedman, Ludwig Erhard (give up all prices control)